Writing a Research/Project Proposal

This is my personal opinion on how to write certain sections of a project (including research and final-year projects) proposal. The following are sections that are typically required in a project proposal. Note that not all proposals strictly follow the structure described in this article. In Malaysia, however, when writing proposals for a Master/PhD research work, a final-year project, a research grant, the proposal's structure is similar to the one described here. Abstract According to the Oxford Dictionary, an abstract is a " summary of the contents of a book, article or speech ". Therefore, an abstract should contain a summary of relevant sections in your project proposal. For a proposal, you may begin with a short introduction, then to the research problems, objectives (what you plan to solve) and methodology (how you plan to solve the problems). The final report or thesis should include a brief mention about what you have accomplished (e.g. the solutions/findings w

Misconceptions About Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency

There are a few misconceptions about Bitcoin and cryptocurrency, which I have read and heard people talking. Some of them are listed here and I shall try my best to correct them. This list will be updated from time to time. Referring cryptocurrency to just "crypto" . Technically, it is incorrect to link "crypto" to mean cryptocurrency. This is akin to calling "digital currency" as just "digital". I have read statements like: "I have a lot of cryptos". However, you don't say "I have a lot of digitals". So, it is better to stick with the term "cryptocurrency" as opposed to just "crypto" when referring to the former. Crypto is normally associated with cryptography . Bitcoin uses a public key infrastructure (PKI) . A PKI requires the setting up of an infrastructure involving, among others, a Certificate Authority (which is a trusted third party) that is responsible to certify public keys. In Bitcoin, or